Melanoma is a type of skin cancer that affects the melanocytes, which is what give the skin its pigmentation. Melamona is the least common type of skin cancer, but it is also the most deadly form. Fortunately, there are a number of treatments available for melanoma skin cancer.
During the early melanoma stages, people may notice changes in an existing mold. One may also notice an unusual growth on the skin. Malignant, or cancerous, moles often itch or ooze. They may also change colors or have an asymmetrical shape. Other skin cancer symptoms include sores that do not heal and new swelling or redness on the skin. If you notice any changes in an existing mole, new moles or growths on your skin, then you should consult with your doctor as soon as possible.
Metastatic melanoma is a type of melanoma that has spread to other parts of the body. It is also known as advanced melanoma. The bones, liver, brain and heart are the areas of the body most affected by metastatic melanoma.
The type of treatment a physician recommends depends on the stage of melanoma. In many cases, if a patient is in the early stages, the doctor will only have to perform surgery to remove the cancerous cells. Chemotherapy and radiation therapy are two other skin cancer treatments that can be used. They are usually recommended if the cancer has spread beyond the skin. Biological therapy, which is a treatment that involves using drugs in order to boost the immune system, can also be used to treat advanced stage melanoma.